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Tom Sawyer ingilizce-Türkçe Hikaye Özeti


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Alt 08-03-2008, 08:14 PM   #1 (permalink)
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Standart Tom Sawyer ingilizce-Türkçe Hikaye Özeti

ESER İNCELEME

A)
1. Eser Adı:Tom Sawyer
2. Yazarı:Mark Twain
3. Çeviren:Nalan Hızal
4. Türü: Roman
5. Sayfa Sayısı Fiyatı: 125sf. 2.500.TL
5. Basımevi Ve Tarih:Parıltı Yayıncılık 2001
6. Boyutları :135x195 cm

B)
1. Yazarın Hayatı:
Mark Twain (1835-1910)
Amerikan edebiyatının en tanınmış mizah yazarlarından biridir. Asıl adı Samuel Clemens’tir. Fakir bir kasaba avukatının oğlu idi. 12 yaşındayken Hanibal şehrinin küçük gazetesine çırak olarak girdi. 17 yaşına kadar Missouri eyaletindeki birçok gazetelerde çalıştı. Sonra Mississippi nehrindeki gemilerde miçoluk aldı dümenciliğe kadar yükseldi. Sonradan eserlerine geniş konular veren izlenimleri bu bitip tükenmez nehir gezilerinden edindi. Yazılarında kullandığı “Mark Twain” adını da gemicilerin suyu iskandil ederken kullandıkları “mark twain” (iki kulaç) deyiminden almıştır.
1861’de İç Savaş başlayınca Mark Twain de kendisi gibi gençlerle birleşerek Kuzeylilerle savaştı. Savaştan sonra altın arayıcılara katılarak San Francisco’ya gitti. Maceralarla yoksulluklarla geçen devrelerden sonra yazarlığa heves etti. “Califonian” adlı dergide çıkan ilk yazıları büyük ilgi gördü.
Çoğu çocukluk gençlik anıları olan bu yazılar ince nüktelerle doluydu. Mark Twain kısa zamanda bol para kazanmaya başladı. Yalnız zenginleri hayatına katılmaktan uzak kalıyor halk arasında alışa geldiği yaşayışı devam ettiriyordu. Hawaii adalarına Avrupa’ya Asya’ya geziler yaptı. Yazı ile birlikte konuşma-konferans şeklindeki mizah türünün de eşsiz bir temsilcisi halinde hemen bütün Amerika’yı dolaştı. Hayatının son yıllarında ailevi felâketlerle karşılaştı arkasından iflaslara altından kalkması zor borçlara sürüklendi Avrupa’ya çekilip bütün gücü ile yeni eserler yazarak borçlarını ödedi.
Amerika’ya döndüğünde iyice kuvvetten düşmüş bulunuyordu. Bir süre Bermuda adasında dinlendi. Son günlerin yaklaştığını anlayınca adadan ayrıldı yurduna döndü 74 yaşında Redding-Stormfield’de öldü.

Sanatı Eserleri
Mark Twain’in sade doğal bir anlatışı vardı. Olayları yapmacık katmadan olduğu gibi anlatır. Yormadan düşündüren güldürürken düşündüren bir gerçekçiliği vardır. Çocukluk ilk gençlik yıllarının biraz değiştirilmiş hikayesi olan “Tom Sawyer” Amerikan edebiyatının klasik eserlerinin başlıcalarındandır. “Dış Ülkelerde Bir Gezi” “Mississipi Üzerinde Hayat” gibi büyük kitaplardan başka kısa yazılarını toplayan bir çok eseri vardır.

2. Özet
Hikayede Tom‘un cezadan kurtulmak için herkesi şaşkına çevirecek zeka oyunlarını ve sonunda bunlardan nasıl kurtulduğunu yazıyor. Tom hikayede kendi dünyasında (nehirlerin ormanların mağaraların ve adaların dünyasında) bir kahraman gibi yaşar.
Tom Missouri'ye bağlı St. Petersburg köyündeki "haşarı" çocuklardan biridir. Pervasız tembel çıldırtıcı ölçüde meraklı olan bir okul çocuğu ve teyzesi Polly Teyze için tam bir baş belasıdır. Bir gün Tom Huck Joe herkesten gizli bir plan yapar ve adaya kaçar. Herkes onları öldü sanıp cenaze töreni yapar ama törende ortaya çıkınıca herkes oyun olduğu anlaşılınca herkes onlara karşı tavır alır. Ama Tom ve Huck bu iştende kasabada yaşayan Bayan Douglas’ı öldürmek için plan yapan haydutları ortaya çıkararak kurtulur. Daha sonra haydut Kızılderili Joe’yu hapse atarlar. Ve onun definesinin yerini tek bilenler olarak Tom ve Huck defineyi yerinden çıkarır zengin bir hayat sürerler.
3. Kişiler
Tom Sawyer: Haylaz ve yarmazda olan zeki bir çoçuktur.
Huckleberry Finn: Mahallenin en haylaz çocuğu olan Huck Tom’dan eksik bir yanı olmayan mahalle çocukları haricinde kimsenin sevmediği biridir.
Polly Teyze:İyi kalpli ama çok sinirli görünen ve yaşlı bir kadındır.
Joe:İçine kapanık olan Joe kendi dünyasında korsan olmak isteyen bir çoçuk.
4. Ana Düşünce: Bir çocuğun kahramanlıklarla dolu dünyası.
5. Dili:Türkçe (Çeviri)
5. Genel Yargı: Roman şimdiye kadar okuduğum en harika ve beni çok etkileyen yazıdır. Hikaye sade ve abartılmadan ve güldürürken düşündüren bir yapıda yazılmış ilk daktiloyla yazılan romandır. En büyük özelliği gerçeğin kağıda dökümüdür.

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Standart

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
Tom Sawyer is a boy who is full of adventures. In his world
there is an adventure around every corner. Some of his adventures have
lead him into some bad situations but with his good heart and bright
mind he has gotten out of them. Tom lives with his aunt Polly his
cousin Mary and his bother Sid.

One of the first things to happen in the book is a memorable
one the painting of the fence. Tom's aunt Polly made Tom paint her
fence on a Saturday as a punishment. Tom just hated the idea of
having to work on a Saturday while all of the neighborhood could make
fun of and harass him. After Tom tried to trade some of his
possessions for a few hours of freedom he had a stroke of genius
instead of him paying people to work for him he made people pay him
to paint. Tom managed this by telling people that it isn't every day
that you get a chance to paint a fence and he thought it was fun. He
had people begging him to paint by the time that he was finished his
story. He would have taken every boy in the town's wealth if he had
not run out of paint.

On June 17th about the hour of midnight Tom and his best
friend Huck were out in the grave yard trying to get rid of warts
when they witnessed a murder by Injun Joe. At the time Muff Potter was
drunk and asleep so Injun Joe blamed the murder him (Muff Potter).
They knew if crazy Injun Joe found out they knew he would for sure
kill them. Tom wrote on a wooden board "Huck Finn and Tom Sawyer
swear to keep mum about this and they wish they may drop down dead in
their tracks if they ever tell and rot" then in their own blood they
signed their initials TS and HF.

A few days after that incident Tom Huck and Joe decided to go
and become pirates because no one cared for their company anymore.
They stole some food and supplies and then they stole a raft and
paddled to an island in the middle of the Mississippi River. They
stayed and pirated for several days then they all became so home sick
that they could not bear it anymore. The next day Tom Huck and Joe
showed up for their own funerals and there was much thanks and praise.

The next big event in the town was the trial of Muff Potter
for the murder in the graveyard. The whole town believed Injun Joe
and poor Muff was sent to a temporary jail cell for a week. At the
end of the week he was to be hung unless some one in court had proved
him innocent. While Muff was in jail temporarily he was not alone.
Every day Tom and Huck would go and talk to him through the jail cell
bars and on occasion bring him food. On the last day of court to
everyone's surprise they called Tom Sawyer to the stand. Then the man
asked him where he was on the 17th of June he said "In the graveyard".
Then when he asked who he saw do it he said with all his courage he
said "Muff didn't do it. It was Injun Joe!" and with that Injun Joe
jumped out the window and ran away.

Tom and Huck decided that they wanted to become rich so they
went to go and find buried treasure. Tom and Huck dug under trees
all day and night but found nothing then Tom said that they should go
and dig for treasure in a haunted house. They went back two days
later and went to a haunted house. Both the boys were scared but they
both went inside anyway. The boys dared each other to go upstairs so
of course they went up and looked in closets for treasure but found
nothing. Suddenly the boys heard two men talking and then come
inside. Both of the boys got down on the floor and then they heard
the voice again it was Injun Joe. Injun Joe and the other man had a
bag of money and decided to bury it there. Tom and Huck could hardly
contain themselves because they would steal it as soon as Injun Joe
left. Injun Joe was digging a hole with his knife when he hit
something it was a box of money. Injun Joe decided to take all of
the treasure and hide it in number two under the cross. When Injun
Joe and the other man left Tom and Huck were furious because they
thought that all of the treasure was rightfully their's.

A few days later Becky had her long awaited picnic and they
all went to McDougals cave. Tom showed Becky around and while they
were exploring they got lost with only a small slice of cake to eat
that Tom had shoved in his pocket the day before along with several
candles. When the town saw they were not in church the next morning
they realized that they must have forgotten them. Tom and Becky were
too far down for the search party to find with no food left and no
candles. Tom and Becky sat by a small stream because they were tired
from exploring and had no light. By that time Becky had became ill
and it was up to Tom to find the way out. While Tom was looking for a
way out he ran into Injun Joe who ran off when he herd Tom yell for
help. Tom ran away also because he feared Injun Joe would kill him.
Tom did find a way out through a small opening that lead out to the
Mississippi River. Tom went back and got Becky and he lead her out of
the cave and eventually got her home safely.

At the same time that Tom was in the cave with Becky Huck was
watching a tavern where Injun Joe was watching to see if he would lead
him to the treasure. When Huck has just about given up Injun Joe and
another man left the tavern with so bags. Huck followed them to Widow
Douglas' house and listened in on their plan. Injun Joe was going to
hurt Widow Douglas because of what her deceased husband did to him.
Once Huck had heard the plan he ran to the Welshman's house and he
told the story to him. Old Welshman and his sons went to Widow
Douglas's house with their guns and had a shootout with Injun Joe and
his partner. In the end no one was hurt and Injun Joe and his partner
escaped.

A few days later Tom was at Becky's house where everyone was
celebrating the return of him and Becky. Becky's father was talking
with Tom when he mentioned that he had the entrance on the cave closed
off so that no one would ever get lost in it again. Tom's face went
totally white. Becky's father asked him what was wrong he said that
Injun Joe was still in the cave. Not long after all of the men went
to the cave to investigate. They made the gruesome discovery of Injun
Joe's body. He had made his way to the gate but he could not get it
unlocked he had starved to death. Tom was finally at ease and now
he was ready to go treasure hunting again.

A few days later Tom was allowed to see Huck once again and he
brought him up to date on his adventures. Tom told Huck that he knew
where the treasure was an now all they had to do was go and get it.
Huck agreed to the plan and the both of the gathered the supplies that
they needed and then stole a raft. Tom took Huck down the river to
the same place where he had gotten out of the cave before and they
both went inside. Tom took Huck to the place where he ran into Injun
Joe and the started looking for "number two". Not after long Tom and
Huck found a roman numeral two written in smoke on the cave wall.
Under the number two there was a cross. Tom and Huck were ecstatic
they started to dig and Tom hit some boards. Tom took the boards out
and then a ditch was revealed. Tom and Huck crawled into the ditch
and followed it as it turned into a tunnel. At the end of the tunnel
there was a cave. In the cave was the money some food guns and
some blankets and other clothing. Tom and Huck filled the bags that
they had brought with them with the money and got out of the cave.
Tom and Huck paddled their raft back home and put their money in a
wagon.

Tom and Huck then pulled the wagon to Mrs Widow Douglas's
house. There they were ushered inside by the old Welshman and were
told to go upstairs and change there cloths. They did so and when
they came down stairs they were informed that the party was for Huck
to thank him for saving Widow Douglas' life. During the party Widow
Douglas said that Huck was going to live with her and he was going to
grow up the way that he should. Then Tom exploded and said that Huck
did not need Widow Douglas because he was rich. At this comment the
room burst into laughter. Tom said that he and Huck would prove it
and went outside. When Tom and Huck returned they were carrying two
large bags. Tom and Huck walked to the table and dumped the bags
they were full of money. Everyone was shocked Tom and Huck explained
their latest adventure and then the money was divided evenly. Both of
the boy's money was deposited in a bank and rationed out to them a
dollar and a quarter per week. This is basically how the story ends.





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